Rules for caring for the ficus
The ficus was brought to us from East Asia, where in tropical and subtropical forests there are about 800 species of this plant. Of course, caring for a fig tree at home does not allow growing such a variety of species. Ficus may differ in the shape of leaves and stem, but they all share the same rules for caring for them.
A ficus is a houseplant that not only has the beneficial properties of air purification, but also gives positive energy.
Such a seemingly ordinary plant is capable of creating a cozy home environment and charging with positive emotions. Despite the fact that he has long been a home flower, it is still the most common in our apartments.
Before you go to the store for these flowers, you must determine the place in the house where the plant will be. Just in this matter, the figs are creepy conservatives, they do not like to move from place to place. So, if you already put it, then it will always stand there. The room should be chosen so that it had a lot of sun and fresh air.
For this, it is permissible to take the plant out on the veranda or balcony in summer so that it can breathe.The ficus does not like direct sunlight, but the place should be bright. A lack of light can cause a slow growth of the plant, the leaves can become sluggish and fall off, and to sudden changes in lighting it reacts by changing the color of the leaves.
Tips and tricks
And so, you have decided on a flower. They brought, installed in a predetermined place. What to do next? We will deal with the temperature. Ficus heat-loving plants, best of all, when the temperature of the air around them does not fall below 20 ° in winter. In summer, this threshold is higher - 25-35 °.
It is necessary to know that the higher the room temperature, the more light the plant will require. The ficus is very sensitive to cold soil, so make sure that the pot does not stand on a blowing window sill or a cold floor. This plant can best be transported in the winter in a dry and warm living space, provided with additional lighting, because during the winter months the light falls into the apartments two times less than in summer.
Proper care of the ficus includes certain rules for watering the plant. Any plant will require exactly as much water as it needs, depending on its age, size, season, soil condition and many other factors.Therefore, it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the soil and water it as it dries.
In summer, watering is carried out quite often, but it is still necessary to allow the soil to dry out between the waterings. In order to determine whether the plant needs watering, it is necessary to lower the finger into the soil by 2-3 cm. If the earth crumbles and does not stick to the fingers, it means that the plant wants to drink. Otherwise, it is too early to water.
Ficus watered with warm water in several approaches. Do not leave water that will accumulate in the pan; about half an hour after watering, it must be drained to prevent rotting of the roots.
In the winter it is watered carefully. It is during this period that a surplus of moisture is dangerous for the plant, and not at all its disadvantage. The flower is watered in the winter months approximately every 10 days.
Caring for home ficus includes not only watering and the right temperature. This plant, like any other living creatures, must eat, receive nutrients, and, often, water alone will not be able to provide the full range of nutrients.
To feed the flower is necessary with the advent of spring and until the end of September.Dish for ficus is simple: wood ash, mixed with a tincture of nettle, you can add mullein. In the summer, fertilizers containing nitrogen are used in order for plants to strengthen their green mass. In the autumn months, this must be avoided, so that the ficus does not go into growth with a lack of light.
Ficus is a plant that has long become a household item, so there are such opinions that it should be fed with milk, meat broths and other foodstuffs. This is an erroneous opinion, proper care involves feeding the ficus with organic and mineral fertilizers, and such food supplements can contribute to acidification of the soil.
Planting and transplantation
Initially, it is necessary to determine the landing capacity. Its type depends on the plant itself - its size and shape. In order for the plant not to grow strongly, and it was really possible to keep it in a room, it is necessary to choose a pot, in which the ficus will be a little cramped, the periodic pruning of the roots will also help.
Soil for young plants is specific, it is prepared from leaves of plants, peat and sand.For older plants, the soil requires a more dense - added humus or sod land. Specialized stores sell pre-packaged and properly selected earth compounds for different age groups.
How to know that the plant is time to replant?
If you began to notice that the earth lump was completely covered with roots, the plant began to dry out very quickly after watering, the roots began to stick out of the holes - all of these are true signs that the ficus is very crowded. Transplanting of young plants must be performed every year.
To do this, water the plant liberally to make it easier to remove from the pot. After that, remove the top layer of soil, shake off the roots from the ground and transfer the flower to a new house, falling asleep on the sides and on top of the new ground. Each new pot should be 2-3 cm more than the previous one.
Adult plants, which are already more than 4 years old, require a transplant every 2-3 years, while the new pot should be 4 cm larger than the previous one. If plant transplantation is difficult because of its size, then you can simply periodically change the topsoil. Usually, ficus transplants are performed in spring or summer.
But, despite the fact that the care of indoor ficus can be quite thorough, the plant can get sick.
How to help him?
One of the most common diseases of ficus is leaf fall. The reasons may be different. The most frequent is the overflow of the plant. If you have not figured out the technique of watering the ficus, then it's time to master it. Perhaps this is not the problem, and you just often moved the plant from place to place. In this case, this vulnerable flower endures stress, which contributes to such an unpleasant effect.
If the leaves have turned pale or changed color, then, most likely, the problem is lack of light, or maybe lack of heat. Check if all the indicators required by the ficus are met.
Sometimes there is another problem - the leaves begin to dry and dry. Here, most likely, there was an overabundance of active sunlight.
Yes, do not be surprised, not only do you like to take a shower. You can notice that over time a thick layer of dust forms on the leaves of the flower, which prevents the normal process of photosynthesis, the plant does not "breathe".
To help him, it is necessary to wipe the leaf on both sides with a damp and warm sponge.Ficus can be pampered with a shower a couple of times a month - put it under jets of warm water, pre-closing the soil with cellophane. After that, let it dry in the shower room, or hypothermia may occur.
Large-leaved ficuses with rigid leaves are usually treated with special polishes. Make sure that the liquid gets only on the outer side of the leaves, but not on the stem. Do not forget to promptly remove dead shoots and dry leaves.
As you can see, the ficus is a demanding plant. But, if you will properly care for him, it will more than once delight you with its appearance and thank you with its positive energy.
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