First aid for sunburn
Summer has come, and summer is time for holidays. Many people like to relax on the beach and basking in the sun. But, unfortunately, such rays are not always gentle and gentle. If you overdo it and stay in the sun for a long time, you can get a sunburn. And what to do in this case?
How can I get a sunburn and how does it manifest itself?
To get burns in the sun is much easier than it seems at first glance. It is enough to be under direct beams of only 30-40 minutes. And for fair-haired and fair-skinned people who are at risk, this period of time is reduced to 15-20 minutes.
Such parts of the body as the shoulders and chest are most often burned, because they are more exposed to sunlight. Also, the nose or even the entire surface of the face may suffer (few treat the face with special sunscreen). But everything else can also get burned, especially if you are on the beach and, trying to get a tan, lie down and turn over from time to time.
We list the main symptoms:
- First of all, the affected area will turn red.Redness signals damage and inflammation of the skin due to the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation.
- The burned place will be hot to the touch, you will easily feel it if you touch it.
- Many feel a burning sensation.
- There will be pain, aggravated by touch. And if the burns are severe, the pain will be almost constant.
- It can also increase body temperature (sometimes up to 38-39 degrees), and this increase is often accompanied by chills.
How to be?
So what to do if you got a sunburn? Immediately it should be noted that in its essence it is similar to thermal. So if the affected area is extensive, and the burns are very severe, then inpatient treatment may be required.
Sunburns in children are especially dangerous, so the child should be shown to the doctor anyway. If everything is not so bad and serious, then start acting on your own, but immediately. We note several important points of first aid and relief.
Water is our best friend
When you get burned, your skin evaporates and loses moisture, and this threatens with excessive dryness of the epidermis (which will aggravate the situation with the existing damages) and even dehydration. That is why fluid is so important.
- Drink more plain clean cool (not cold or icy) water to replenish supplies.
- Also, it is useful to take a bath or shower. The water should be cool, and the use of soap or shower gels is contraindicated, as they dry the skin, and this is not necessary at all.
- Even to alleviate the condition, you can periodically do cool compresses, wetting a towel in cool water and putting it on the burned areas. But to keep such a towel on the body constantly is not worth it, because for the speedy healing, you need air, which comes through the wet tissue badly.
Often, burns are associated with overheating. And this is understandable, because the sun is warm. And if you consider that when overheating, the liquid begins to evaporate even more actively, then such a condition is doubly dangerous. Among other things, severe burns can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature.
To prevent all these negative consequences and avoid problems, you can use cold. No, it is not necessary to put ice cubes on the skin or to climb the whole into the refrigerator. But a cool water bottle attached to the affected area can relieve the condition.
Often severe burns are accompanied by significant pain associated with inflammation of the tissues. In such cases, do not suffer pain, it is better to take an anesthetic. It would be advisable to receive nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, relieve inflammation, and analgesics, relieving pain.
You can use tools based on paracetamol or acetylsalicylic acid (familiar to all "Aspirin"). Also, drugs containing the active substance ibuprofen, such as Nurofen, are effective. Take one or two pills (specify in the instructions) is better immediately in case of pain, so that they do not reach their peak.
Going to the pharmacy, you can buy a special tool that is used after burns. But by all means specify that sunburns. These are the following remedies:
- Based on natural ingredients such as aloe. The extracts of this plant accelerate the healing process, reduce inflammation and eliminate pain.
- Based on panthenol. This component accelerates the regeneration of the epidermis and softens the skin, protecting it from flaking and cracking.
- Moisturizing cream, and preferably a gel that moistens the skin without moisture. In such a tool should not be acids (they will further injure the already damaged skin), alcohol (it has an irritating effect) and fats (they do not allow the skin to breathe).
- Excellent thermal water helps. Periodically spray it on the burnt places.
- Products containing hydrocortisone - a hormonal substance that relieves swelling and redness, eliminates unpleasant sensations.
But choosing a particular tool, it is best to consult a doctor.
Our grandmothers, great-grandmothers and other distant ancestors also burned in the sun, but then there were no special sprays, creams or gels. And then effective and simple folk remedies came to the rescue:
- Take a bath with a decoction of chamomile or make compresses. To prepare this broth, pour two tablespoons of dried crushed flowers with a glass of boiling water, cook for another 10 minutes, strain and cool.
- Sour cream, sour cream (low-fat) or yogurt can help. Apply the mass to the affected areas and leave for half an hour, then rinse with cool water.This will moisturize the skin and protect it from moisture evaporation.
- Also help cucumber. Cut it into slices and apply to burnt places, or just smear your skin with juice.
- Use aloe. To do this, knead or cut a couple of leaves, squeeze the juice, dilute it with water and wipe the affected skin with liquid.
What can not be done?
Many in the provision of first aid make mistakes that can lead to dire consequences. Why not do it?
- Use alcohol and products based on it. Yes, it disinfects the surface, but at the same time it is very irritating and damaging, causing pain.
- Use oils or fats. They remain on the surface and literally cover the skin, not allowing it to breathe. And as you remember, oxygen is necessary for healing.
- Wear tight clothes. It will traumatize damaged skin, causing discomfort and slowing the healing process.
- Burst or poke the resulting blisters. New skin under the bubbles is tender and susceptible to infections, so do not touch anything.
- Rip off the flaky skin. There is a risk of infection. Let everything happen naturally.For the same reason, do not use scrubs to speed up the process of skin renewal.
- Go out in the sun again. It takes time for the skin to recover, and repeated exposure to UV light is harmful and dangerous for it, so hide from the sun's rays.
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