How are mushrooms different from plants?

Natalia Kozlova
Natalia Kozlova
November 11, 2014
How are mushrooms different from plants?

Mushrooms are the most ancient inhabitants of the Earth. They are 1.5 million species, divided into 36 classes. These are not only habitual hats on legs, but also yeast, and mold, and much, much more. Mushrooms can live in the dark, without oxygen, in a wet and dry environment, in water and inside organisms. In this article we will talk about how mushrooms differ from plants.

Differences of fungi from plants

Until the 70s of the last century, mushrooms were considered lower plants. But when such sections of science as molecular phylogenetics and genosystematics appeared, the scientists divided the whole living world into three groups: animals, plants, and fungi. Those. fungi, even at the molecular level, are fundamentally different from plants and animals. Read more about this in the article What are the mushrooms. In the molecular structure, we will not understand, let's see what properties distinguish fungi from plants.

Fungi do not have chlorophyll, so they cannot draw energy directly from sunlight, like plants.For vital activity, fungi need organic substances: the remains of plants and animals, their metabolic products, or even living organisms on which they can parasitize successfully.

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