How to grow an interesting gloxinia?
Gloxinia is an amazing and very beautiful indoor flower that grows with great pleasure, both beginners and professionals, which is nothing strange, because its beautiful little flowers, bells literally amaze with their tumult of helmets and the beauty of flowering.
Gloxinia is a tropical guest in our latitudes, in the XIX century, brought to us from Brazil and conquered the hearts of many gardeners and ordinary lovers.
Gloxinia, or hybriding syngony, as it is called scientific language, got its name in honor of the gardener of Boston University, V. Sinning. It was he who, through long and painstaking work, derived one of the most beautiful ornamental plants.
Gloxinia got its second name, to which we are accustomed to much more, thanks to a specific form, “glocke”, which is translated from German as “bell”.
Gloxinia flower is ideal for growing at home, it is unpretentious and easy to care for a plant that even a beginner grower can easily cope with.If you follow a few simple rules of cultivation, this ornamental plant will often delight you with lush and bright bouquets of flowers.
It is impossible not to fall in love with these multi-colored bells, depending on the variety: their gamma can range from snow white, pale pink and pale blue to rich red or purple. Terry or ordinary, with a contrasting border or intricate specks - there is no end to diversity!
How to grow a beautiful gloxinia? Basic moments
If you decide to acquire such a beautiful woman in your own home, you still have to familiarize yourself with the basic conditions of care and cultivation, without which the flower will at least stop blooming and, at most, will die altogether.
First you have to take care of its location in your house, because it is a very light-loving plant, which, however, does not like to be exposed to direct sunlight. Most of all gloxinia "love" the western and eastern windows, because in the south there is too much light for them and it has to be shaded, but in the northern sunshine, on the contrary, is not enough, with the result that the flower can stop blooming or often get sick.
As for the temperature regime, gloxinia, as a representative of the warm tropical climate, is very demanding for its changes. In summer, it is necessary to maintain the temperature at 20 ° -22 °, raises up to 25 ° are permissible.
It is important to remember that significant temperature increases, which will strongly deviate from the norm, negatively affect the growth and flowering of gloxinia: the buds that have already blossomed out quickly wilt, and new ones are not tied.
If, at elevated temperatures, air stasis is also formed, then all this can provoke the occurrence of putrefactive and fungal infections.
Since it is a flower with a pronounced seasonality, in winter, gloxinia sheds leaves and stems, even the roots die, a so-called rest period occurs. The temperature at this time should not exceed 15 °. It is also worth noting that this flower does not like sudden temperature jumps, and is also afraid of drafts.
The time of active flowering usually lasts from March to September, sometimes even in October. In November, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off, after which the remaining tuber is usually prepared for wintering.
What to do with it in the winter?
To the period of rest was successful, and the plant for the next year once again pleased you with active flowering, gloxinia must be properly overwintered. The simplest method that most growers use is to leave the tuber right in the pot in which the flower grew.
Top it can be sprinkled with clean sand, and put the pot closer to the balcony or in the cellar, if there is such an opportunity, it is not left on the window. Another option for advanced gardeners - 2 weeks after the ground part of the flower is completely dried, the tuber is dug out and cleaned from the ground.
Next, it should be placed in a pot of slightly moist sand (peat or sawdust), and then put in a dark and cool place. During this period, the tuber should be periodically moistened (2 times a month), the main thing to watch is that it does not dry out and check for the appearance of diseases.
Somewhere in late January or early February, the tubers are transplanted back into their pot, fertilized and begin to increase watering, with time new sprouts will appear on the surface.
Watering and soil
In winter, as we have already said, gloxinia is watered rarely and little by little, but in summer it requires much more liquid.During the period of active growth and flowering, it must be watered regularly, somewhere 2-3 times a week.
For these purposes, separated or filtered water at room temperature will be suitable, and even better, if it is 2 ° -3 ° higher, it is absorbed faster by root hairs.
Gloxinia can be watered either in the pan or on the edge of the pot, it is not desirable that water droplets fall on the leaves or stalks, this can lead to their rotting. With all this, you should not allow the flower to become waterlogged, after 30 minutes after watering, the remains of the liquid must be drained from the pan.
In general, gloxinia is much easier to survive slightly overdrying than a constant excess of moisture, which is fraught for it with the rotting of the root system. This flower is very afraid of all kinds of spraying, it is better not to hold it at all, but to clean the terry leaves with a soft brush.
If it is too hot in the room, then it is better to place small bubbles with water or wetted clay, which will evaporate and moisten the air around the flower, around the flowerpot. Soil for gloxinia is better to select specially prepared, it can be purchased in the form of soil mixtures, for example, "Senpolia" or "Violet".
Transplant this flower usually after a period of rest (February-March), when the first leaves begin to appear on the surface. Since the root system of gloxinium, to a greater extent, grows wider than in length, it is necessary to select squat, but wide pots for it. Tuber is removed from the old soil, cleaned of old roots and soil, washed with clean water, and then left to dry for a day.
After that, the flower is planted in the prepared soil, while the tuber should be slightly visible on the surface, the soil is moistened and covered with a film. Planted flowers are put on a bright spot, every day open for airing for half an hour 2 times a day, and after the appearance of new leaves, completely remove the film.
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