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How to Soak an Ingrown Toenail
An ingrown toenail (onychocryptosis) is usually caused by trimming your toenails too short, although some people are more predisposed due to heredity factors (such as having heavily curved nail beds) or lifestyle choices such as wearing narrow-toed high heels too often.Ingrown toenails cause pain and inflammation because the corner or side of the nail grows into the soft flesh of your toes, typically the big toe. You can often manage and resolve an ingrown toenail at home, partly by soaking it in warm water, but sometimes medical intervention is needed — especially if an infection develops.
Soaking Your Foot
Prepare a warm foot bath.The purpose of soaking your affected toe/foot in a warm bath is essentially two-fold: to reduce the discomfort and to soften the toenail in efforts to either trim it or put something under it to relieve the pressure.Grab a container that's big enough for your entire foot and fill it with very warm water. Consider adding some Epsom salt, as it can significantly reduce pain and swelling.The magnesium in the salt will also help the foot muscles relax.
- Salt acts as a natural antibacterial, but other ingredients you can add to the water to deter a potential infection include white vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, bleach, and iodine solution.
- The warmer you make a salt bath, the more fluid you'll pull out of your toe, which is good for reducing the swelling.
- If you can find on, borrow or buy a little foot jacuzzi, then use that for the bath because the jets will provide better water circulation and a gentle foot massage.
Soak your foot and affected toe.Once you have the bath water warm enough and you've added Epsom salt and/or any natural antiseptic compounds, submerge you entire foot and let it soak for about 15–20 minutes.Depending on results, you can repeat the foot bath three to five times daily, so don't throw out the water if that's your plan. If you use Epsom salt, you'll notice that your feet look quite "pruned" after 20 minutes — it's a sign fluid was sucked out of your feet/toes.
- Flexing your toes repeatedly while in the bath will help with blood circulation.
- If swelling is a particular problem in your toe, then follow the warm salt bath with cold therapy (ice wrapped in a thin towel) until your toe feels numb (about 10 minutes). Ice helps reduce acute inflammation and dull the pain.
Massage your toe in the bath.While your toe is soaking in the warm bath, periodically massage the inflamed tissue gently in order to help reduce the inflammation.With the massage, you might notice a little pus or blood release from your toe into the water, which is fine, and it will likely reduce the pressure and pain in your toe.
- Use your thumb and forefinger to lightly massage the most inflamed part of your toe, starting from the most distal part and pushing towards your ankle.
- Spend only about five minutes or so of the bath time massaging your toe, as much longer might actually irritate it.
Dry your entire foot thoroughly.Once you're finished with the warm foot bath and remove your foot from it, make sure to thoroughly dry it with a clean towel.Keeping your toe dry is important because bacteria and other potential pathogens, such as fungus, prefer moist, warm conditions in which they can flourish and reproduce.
- After you've dried your toe/foot, elevate your leg on a few cushions while you sit in order to promote blood drainage out of your foot, which helps combat inflammation.
Treating Your Toenail After the Bath
Apply antibiotic cream.Over the course of a day, apply antibiotic cream, lotion or ointment to your affected toe at least a couple of times, particularly just before you go to bed in the evening.After the cream has absorbed into the soft tissue surrounding the inflamed toe, apply a sanitized bandage. Make sure to change the bandage each time you apply antibiotic.
- Some compounds around the house that have antibiotic properties include Clorox bleach, hydrogen peroxide, white vinegar, baking soda dissolved in water, iodine solution and fresh lemon juice.
- Be warned that most home remedies that act as antiseptics will sting if the skin has already been cut by a sharp ingrown toenail.
- Colloidal silver is a powerful antibiotic, antiviral, and anti-fungal that doesn't sting or irritate the skin when applied. It can be found at most health food or nutritional supplement stores.
Slip some cotton or dental floss under the toenail.After soaking your foot in the warm bath, the ingrown toenail will soften up and allow you to slip a small piece of cotton, gauze, or bunched up dental floss (clean of course) underneath the nail, which will provide some padding for the sensitive soft tissue near the nail bed.Carefully pull back the inflamed skin and lift up the toenail with a nail file, or something similar, and tenderly push the cotton material underneath it. Change the cotton material daily.
- It may take one to two weeks for the ingrown toenail to grow enough so that it doesn't poke into the skin any longer.
- Avoid attempting “do-it-yourself" surgery by cutting into the toenail in an attempt to provide pain relief, because it can actually cause the condition to worsen.
Trim the toenail properly.Once the toenail has grown and is long enough to clip, then don't make the same mistakes again. Instead, trim the toenail straight across and don't taper the edges or clip them at angles.Also, refrain from cutting them too short as it will further agitate the injured toe.
- If you have your toenails done by a pedicurist, tell them to trim your nails straight across and not too close to the skin. As a guideline, you should be able to fit your fingernail under the sides and end of the toenail.
- If home care and changing your trimming technique doesn't help or prevent your ingrown toenail issue, then see your family physician or a foot specialist (podiatrist) for advice and/or treatment.
Assessing Your Toenail
Determine the cause of the pain.If one of your big toes (or any other toe) gets inflamed and starts to hurt, take off your socks or nylons and take a closer look at it in order to determine the cause of the pain. If the condition develops slowly, getting worse over the course of many days, and you have a history of trimming your toenails short and/or wearing tight or narrow shoes, then you're likely dealing with an ingrown toenail.In most cases, it's easy to see where the toenail is digging into or piercing the soft tissue surrounding the nail bed.
- In addition to pain and swelling, other signs to look for include redness and tender to touch, along one or both sides of the nail.
- Ingrown toenails are more common in adolescence and among athletes, especially males.
Look for signs of infection.The most serious consequence of an ingrown toenail is a bacterial infection stemming from a breach in the skin surrounding the nail bed.An infected ingrown toenail will get even more swollen and tender, quite firm and warm to touch, and eventually discharge pus that smells foul. Because of the warmth and swelling, usually some skin will peel off and look like a blister.
- An infection swells because your immune system sends white blood cells to kill any bacteria within the injury (which is good), but sometimes the bacteria proliferate faster than the immune cells can contain them.
- If an infected toe doesn't go away within a week and/or seems to be spreading beyond the affected toe, then see your doctor about it. Your doctor may remove the ingrown nail wedge surgically.
- If you trim your toenails by tapering the corners such that they're curved with the shape of your toe, you're encouraging the toenail to grow into the skin on the sides.
Rule out other common causes of toe pain.There are a number of other painful conditions that appear similar to an ingrown toenail that you should be familiar with. Relevant examples include gout (an inflammatory type of arthritis), bunions (chronic toe sprain leading to deformity), broken or dislocated toes, rheumatoid arthritis, necrosis (tissue death due to lack of blood supply), neuropathy related to diabetes, neuromas (benign tumors in the small nerves of the feet), fungal infection.
- A gout attack comes on quickly, usually within hours, and creates intense pain and inflammation in the big toe. Gout is dietary related — from eating too many purine-rich foods such as seafood and organ meats.
- A bunion also affects the big toe and is caused mainly by wearing narrow shoes over many years. It's essentially a chronic joint sprain. The tell-tale signs are a crooked toe and achy, arthritic-like pain.
- Stubbing your toe or other foot injuries can trigger ingrown toenails.
QuestionI can't see the ingrown nail and I don't know how to treat it. What should I do?
Family Medicine PhysicianFamily Medicine PhysicianExpert AnswerYou should go see a podiatrist. They will be able to see your ingrown toenail and know how to remove it.Thanks!
QuestionIs it safe to soak in Epsom salt and tea tree oil combined?
Family Medicine PhysicianFamily Medicine PhysicianExpert AnswerSounds like a good plan. The Epsom salt should soothe the feet and the tea tree oil will help with any infection and an antimicrobial. Great idea!Thanks!
QuestionHow can I identify an ingrown toenail?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYour toe will be red and painful. There may be some swelling as well.Thanks!
QuestionShould I soak my infected toe if it is oozing, or wait till it stops draining?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerProp up the toenail corner with some cotton gauze, secure it, and then soak it in warm salt water to help the pus (ooze) drain properly.Thanks!
QuestionMy ingrown toenail doesn't let cotton or anything go under it. Is this because I've only started soaking two days ago, and it still needs to soften, or what?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIt depends on the severity of the ingrown nature of your toenail. Try to use a very small amount, less than you're currently attempting, of cotton. Start small and increase the amount after a while. If this doesn't help, it'd be most wise to consult your doctor.Thanks!
QuestionHow much Epsom salt should I use in two quarts of water to soak my toe?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerUse one cup of Epsom salts for every two quarts of water.Thanks!
QuestionI recently had an ingrown toenail removed, but now the same ingrown toenail is growing back. What should I do?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerFirst, soak it until it softens, then cut it off. If it is still giving you trouble, you should probably go back to your podiatrist.Thanks!
Will morton salt work?
- Use essential oils (just a few drops) in the foot bath to soak the ingrown toenail in — lavender or tea tree oil work well and deter infections.
- Wear shoes that fit properly, otherwise they'll put too much pressure on your toes which may cause a toenail to grow into surrounding tissue.
- Until your inflamed toe settles down, consider wearing open-toed sandals or flip flops instead of confining shoes.
- Get fitted for your shoes by a shoe salesperson later in the day because that's when your feet are at their largest, usually due to swelling and slight compression of your arches.
- If your ingrown toenail has to be removed by your doctor or podiatrist, it takes from 2-4 months for the toenail to regrow.
- If you have diabetes, nerve damage in the foot, poor blood circulation or a weakened immune system, then see you doctor right away instead of trying to treat the ingrown toenail at home.
- A localized toenail infection can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection (cellulitis), which can ultimately infect the bone (osteomyelitis). As such, see your doctor if your swollen toenail significantly becomes worse or doesn't get much better after a week.
Sources and Citations
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