Is it possible to remove a pigment nevus
Of course, the appearance of nevi does not pose a serious problem for a person, but with any changes you should contact a specialist to prevent negative consequences. Often, a sharp increase in the size or structure of a nevus is the first signal that a malignant process begins inside the body.
The main risk factors that can provoke a malignant process are a large number of nevi on the surface of human skin, frequent severe sunburn, susceptibility to cancer and others.
There are several types of data formations. The first type is dysplastic nevus, which is a spot of irregular shape and fuzzy boundaries. As a rule, they are somewhat larger than the usual birthmark in size, and the color varies from a reddish-brown to brown shade (without pronounced inflammation of the skin).
The next type is a border pigment nevus, which is often dark in color and has a smooth surface. Appears both at birth and throughout life. For this type there is no specific place, so it can form on the limbs, face, neck, genitals, on the body, etc.
The third type is a blue pigmented nevus, the name of which comes from the hue of the spot. The structure of the spot is pronounced, with clear boundaries, small in diameter. Appears in puberty. As a rule, it is more common among the peoples of Asia.
Intradermal pigment nevus is called the birthmark, which is practically in every person. As a rule, they are congenital and have a brownish tint.
It should be noted that in some cases it is necessary to remove nevi. Removal is prescribed and performed only by an experienced specialist, who pre-estimates the complexity of the operation and the possible risks. For example, cosmetic removal of the birthmark is not particularly necessary, since it does not have malignant changes.
Careful attention should be paid to flat pigment spots, which often increase in size and change their structure.Achievement of a spot of more than 6 mm in diameter should be a reason for going to a doctor, since it is possible that this is the beginning of the development of melanoma. A specialist in the field of oncology will study a neoplasm, after which it will make the right decision (observation or surgical removal of a nevus).
The main indications for the removal of nevus are cosmetic and oncological. For each group of indications imply a specific method of removal. Liquid nitrogen, electrical current, laser, surgery, etc. can be used for cosmetic purposes. In the second case, only surgical intervention is used, after which the removed part of the skin is sent for histological examination.
It should be remembered that after the direct removal of a pigmented nevus, proper skin care is necessary. As a rule, a crust is first formed, which is not recommended to wet and self-delete. In the summer, it is advisable to protect the place from direct sunlight (sunscreen, restriction of exposure to the sun, the rejection of the tanning bed). In any case, carefully monitor your body, in time to fix the appearance and development of new age spots.
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