Lactulose solution usp, duphalac syrup an overview (uses, dose, onset of action) in hindi
What Is Lactulose (Generlac and Enulose)?
The drug lactulose has several brand names, including Generlac and Enulose, and is used to treat constipation.
Lactulose is a type of sugar that is broken down in the large intestine into mild acids that draw water into the colon.
Doctors also prescribe the medicine to reduce the amount of ammonia in the blood of people with liver disease.
Before taking lactulose, you should alert your physician if you have diabetes, require a low-lactose diet, or are allergic to lactulose or any other medication.
You should stop using lactulose and call your doctor right away if you experience severe or ongoing diarrhea.
You may not have a bowel movement for up to 48 hours after taking this medicine.
If you take lactulose for a long period of time, your doctor may want to perform certain lab tests to check your body's response. Don't miss any scheduled appointments.
Tell your healthcare provider you are taking this drug before having surgery or any test on your colon or rectum, such as a colonoscopy.
Pregnancy and Lactulose
Lactulose is a Pregnancy Category B drug, which means it's not expected to harm an unborn baby. You should tell your physician if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking this medicine.
It's not known whether lactulose passes into breast milk or if it could harm a breastfeeding baby. You shouldn't use this drug while breastfeeding without first talking to your doctor.
Lactulose for Cats and Dogs
Lactulose isn't FDA-approved for use in animals, but veterinarians commonly prescribe the medication as a laxative for cats and dogs.
Lactulose Side Effects
Common Side Effects of Generlac
You should tell your doctor if any of the following side effects are severe or don't go away:
Serious Side Effects of Lactulose
Stop taking lactulose and call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following serious side effects:
- Stomach pain
- Stomach cramps
- Severe or ongoing diarrhea
You should always tell your doctor about any prescription, non-prescription, illegal, and recreational drugs; herbal remedies; and nutritional and dietary supplements you're taking, especially:
Lactulose comes in packets as a liquid or crystals to take by mouth. It may also be given rectally as an enema for treating symptoms associated with liver disease.
The medicine is typically taken once a day for constipation and three to four times a day by people with liver disease, usually 30 mL at a time (about 2 tablespoons).
You can mix your liquid dose with a half glass of water, fruit juice, or milk to improve the taste.
Measure the liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring cup, not a regular table spoon. You can ask your pharmacist for this device if you don't have one.
The liquid may become slightly darker in color. This is a harmless effect, but you shouldn't use the medicine if it becomes very dark, or thinner or thicker than usual.
If you're using the crystals in packets, dissolve the contents in a half glass of water or as your doctor instructs you.
You should follow the instructions on the product label carefully and ask your doctor to explain any directions you don't understand. Never take more or less of the drug than is recommended.
Symptoms of an overdose include the following:
- Increased urination
- Irregular heart beat
- Muscle weakness
If you suspect an overdose, you should contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. You can get in touch with a poison control center at (800) 222-1222.
Missed Dose of Lactulose
If you miss a dose of lactulose, take it as soon as you remember.
However, if it's almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue on your regular medication schedule. Don't take an extra dose to make up for a missed one.
Video: Lactulose Nursing Considerations, Side Effects, and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
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