Needlework is one of the oldest arts on the planet. It originated, developed and grew with man. After all, if you think about it, needlework is what you do with your own hands, which means that it constantly accompanies a person in everyday life, at work and at rest. No wonder that the most valuable gift are handmade items. After all, a person, creating them, puts a piece of his soul. And the unique handmade clothes never go out of fashion.
Needlework from origins to our time
Recall, for example, a primitive person. How did he start the fire for the first time - is this not handicraft? With the help of his hands, imagination, emotions, desires, finally. And remembering that time, you can find many examples of manual work.
Cave paintings, the so-called cave paintings, come to mind. Yes, this is writing, need, but also to some extent creativity. A man, although primitive, then, as now, put into his drawings feelings, emotions, mood.
But what about the first extracted skin from the beast, when they sewed their first clothes for themselves - again handicrafts. And wherever you look, a person keeps up with needlework. He has new requests, desires - and he begins to create something new or modernized with his hands.
The conclusion suggests itself: do-it-yourself handicraft is an integral part of a person’s life, which was born with the first sigh of the first person and continues to evolve with it to this day.
Then came the new time, when a person found and began to use metals in everyday life and tools and weapons appeared, and this is also a kind of needlework. They began to decorate homes, clothes, territory, and everywhere they used a creative approach. And in every detail, be it the first shoes or clothes, and maybe the wheel, there was needlework everywhere.
In the future, people improved and the art of needlework did not lag behind him. He wanted a strong house and invented a brick, wanted to quickly overcome the distance and made the car and there is nothing funny here, because the hand-assembled machines are still there and are very much appreciated. Even in our time there are inventors of cars. New desires, new creative ideas. So it went year after year.
So we got to our days.Many handicrafts are done by machines, robots are a requirement of time. Now time is worth the money. But with the shortening of time, the other side of the coin suffered. Robots and automated machines cannot give warmth to clothes or feelings of sculpture.
Yes, manufactured goods are also functional and aesthetic, but they are cold and uniform, and handmade goods are always diverse, warm and emotional, because more than one person will not be able to do manual work exactly and without feelings and emotions.
Now we call needlework those works that are not done in production, such as scrapbooking, cross-stitching, etc., or doing, but not as it should or would be desirable, such as knitting, burning, sewing and much more.
From all this we understand that handicraft, as art, will never disappear while a person lives on earth. And every year it will improve and keep pace with the times.
Main types of needlework
For what do the masters of the whole world love so much to croak over hoops? For the unique aura of calm,smooth movements and rest of the soul. How did the work on making crosses on fabric begin? Delve into the history of the creation of this craft.
Unfortunately, not a single historical archive can provide information about the exact date of the appearance of cross-stitch, but in many museums you can find handmade embroidery from the 12th and following centuries.
In the culture of each country there were embroidered paintings with colorful ornaments or patterns. The first who transferred the face of the saints to the fabric was Western Europe. Then, every year, the images and the style of embroidery changed, paintings with people and landscapes appeared.
Gradually, the craftswomen began to decorate their traditional costumes with embroidery. The widespread use of embroidery as a well-established craft takes place in the 18th century. Then there were the first directions: urban and home embroidery.
The urban style of embroidery was very inconstant, it changed depending on the fashion and materials that appeared in use. As for the urban style, its directions were mainly cultural customs and traditions.
Embroidery on things was carried out strictly according to the rules, the pattern should be placed together directly near the body - the gate, the sleeves, the cellar. Blankets and towels decorated with patterns associated with fertility and agriculture.
Every thread color had its own meaning. A little later, cross-stitch served as a kind of indicator of the girl's ability to work. Craftswomen embroidered cloth, which then, showed as their dowry.
The brighter and more difficult was the embroidery, the more chances the girl had to get married. In Russian culture, common embroidery styles were smooth, countable cross, continuous sewing, semi smooth.Gradually, from the West, traders began to import more and more diverse fabrics and threads for embroidery, but because of the high cost, not everyone could afford this needlework.
As for our day, there is plenty of room for imagination in modern needlewomen. In specialized handicraft stores, there are large stands of cross-stitch for beginners.
Every year there are new brands of thread "floss" with an unusually huge palette of various shades, suitable for the most complex paintings.The canvas is also not inferior to the versatility, varies from the smallest to the largest cross.
One thing is clear, our ancestors gave us a remarkable skill, which passes from one female generation to another.
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