Prepositions that are misused all the time
Why are you right when you are unhappy when you hear someone reading “I came back from the store”, “I can’t say anything for this film, I haven’t seen it”? We analyze the difficult cases of the use of simple prepositions, taking note of the advice of the portal Gramota.ru.
To the doctor or KO to the doctor?
Despite two consecutive consonants in the word "doctor", correctly write and speak "to the doctor." The preposition "to" is required only in some cases:
- before the words “lion”, “ice”, “flax”, “forehead”, “lie”, “moss”, “moat”, “rye”, “mouth”, “all”, “everyone”, “all kinds” , “Tuesday”, “second”, “many things” in the dative case: to the forehead, to the lion, to every holiday;
- before the word “me”: come to me;
- before the words “yesterday's”, “seam” you can use both the preposition “to” and the preposition “to”: turn to / to yesterday's news.
BUT! In some cases (in fiction, in journalism), to impart a speech of pathos and solemnity, the preposition "to" can be replaced by "to": to universal tragedy.
ABOUT a book or About a book?
Both options are possible, but the preposition “about” is a sign of colloquial style, casual speech, whereas the phrase with “o” is stylistically neutral and flawlessly competent.
In Ukraine or in Ukraine?
This is one of the most popular questions for the specialists of the Gramota.ru portal. Their answer: the literary norm of the modern Russian language - "in Ukraine", "from Ukraine". And no politics, only the traditions of the great and mighty, which evolved over the centuries.
Control for or control over?
Both prepositions can be used in tandem with nouns that are derived from verbs: control over / over the spending of profits. Subtleties: if a noun denotes an action, process or attribute, it is better to choose the preposition “for” (control over the students' independent work, control over the execution of the director’s order). And if this is an abstract concept or an animated object, the scale of the scales leans in favor of “over” (control over the trainees, control over the business).
Worried FOR or Worried About?
You do not have to worry about your own literacy or think badly about it: both options have a right to exist.Before, however, the design of “worrying about something, someone” was considered colloquial.
About all, about all or about all?
The correct answer is: all. When are the prepositions “o”, “ob” and obo necessary?
- in the accusative case, before the words that begin with consonants (except for the words “all”, “all”, “all”, “all”, “what”), we write-pronounce the prepositions “o” / “o”: hit on / about water;
- in the accusative case, before the words that begin with vowels, the preposition “about” is needed: about the university, about apricot jam;
- in the accusative case, before the words “all”, “everything”, “all”, “all”, “what”, “something”, “something”, “something” we put the preposition “obo”: faltered about something in the dark;
- in the prepositional case, before the words that begin with consonants (except for the words “me”, “everything”, “all”, “all”), the preposition “o” is required: he sang about love;
- in the prepositional case, before the words that begin with vowels, the preposition “on” is used: reminded about the leave;
- in the prepositional case, before the words “me”, “everything”, “all”, “all”, the preposition “obo” is needed: I guessed about all its tricks.
BUT! Words with "e", "e", "u", "I" at the beginning (the case is no longer important) only the preposition "o" is appropriate, since they are not in the spelling, but in the pronunciation "start" with a consonant sound »: Christmas tree = Yolka, therefore about the Christmas tree, about apples, about the lawyer.
For a book or a book?
Which phrase seems more harmonious to you: “I will say for a new book: interesting” or “I will say about a new book: interesting”? You are right: the use of the preposition “for” instead of the preposition “o” is incorrect.
He's out of the store or he's off the store?
Let us remember a pair of prepositions that complement each other like yin and yang: the preposition “from” is the partner “to”, and the preposition “from” is the friend “to”. That is, if someone went into the store, then he will return from the store, and not from him. And if someone comes from the Urals, then he will visit his parents to go to the Urals (compare: “I'm from Siberia”, but “I'm going to Siberia”).
Since yesterday or WITH yesterday?
In this example, both options are equal. In general, the preposition "co" instead of "c" is necessary:
- before the words that begin with “c / s / w / w + consonant” or with the consonant “n”: from the schooner, with generosity;
- before the words “lion”, “ice”, “flax”, “forehead”, “moss”, “moat”, “mouth” in the genitive and instrumental cases: from the forehead, with the ice;
- with the words “me”, “me”;
- before the case forms of the words “louse”, “all”, “everyone”, “all kinds of”, “Tuesday”, “second”, “many things”: since Tuesday, with all;
- in stable combinations: with taste, with attention, with time, from the yard, from day to day, from the bottom.
BETWEEN TREES OR BETWEEN TREES?
Philologists know: to say “between what?” And “between what?” Is not a mistake. But the second option (between trees, between tables, between books) is considered obsolete.
With ourselves or with us?
Repeating the preposition in such expressions is not necessary, it is a feature of common language.
In the Universe or in the Universe?
Before words that begin with “v / f + consonant” (in the All-Russian competition, the need for water fluoridation), you need to write and pronounce the preposition “in.” Otherwise, especially in oral speech, it is easy to stumble on a non-speakable cluster of consonant sounds.
ON May 20 or until May 20?
So, you need to mark a time interval for yourself or someone else and specify the date of its termination. It is considered that the date with the preposition “before” is the previous day’s border: for example, May 20 is May 19 as the deadline. And if "May 20" is indicated, then the task can be completed on the 20th day. But linguists emphasize: constructions with one or another pretext do not reliably determine whether the control date is included in the period it ends. And it is advised to add an adverb "inclusive": from 10 to 20 May inclusive, from 10 to 20 May inclusive.
By Monday or Monday?
Again, the subtleties of meaning.“By Monday” means to do something on Sunday, before the start of the next day. “Monday” means you can do it during this day.
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