Who invented penicillin?

Anna Dyuzhakova
Anna Dyuzhakova
November 21, 2014
Who invented penicillin?

Alexander Fleming is the name of the one who invented penicillin. The unique property of the mold of Penicillium glaucum - to destroy pathogenic bacteria - he noticed in 1928, but for ten years his discovery went unnoticed. The reason for such inattention was the fact that the discovery of penicillin challenged the most authoritative concept of immunity at that time. Flemming continued to research, despite the general skepticism, but due to his limited means, work progressed very slowly.

In 1938, a group of young scientists from Oxford became interested in the work of Flemming. Modern equipment and good funding allowed them to finally get clean penicillin, which has long maintained its effectiveness. In 1941, for the first time, a new medicine saved the life of a teenager dying from blood poisoning - then penicillin was finally recognized by the scientific community. For the discovery of penicillin, Alexander Fleming, as well as his colleagues, Howard Florey and Ernst-Boris Chein, received the Nobel Prize.

Penicillin is one of the most significant inventions of the XX century.


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